Melkote the badrinath of south, hailed as a notable center of Sanskrit learning for over 1000 years is also known as gyana mantapa. The saint philosophy Sri Ramanujacharya who expounded the great school of visisitadvaita philosophy had stayed here in melkote  for nearly 14 years, since then, melkote has been an advanced center for Sanskrit learning & Visistadvaita  philosophy, considering this background & rich cultural heritage, the government of Karnataka, way back in 1976 through its projects formulation division of the planning department, conceived & approved a project for establishment of a Sanskrit Research Institute  in Melkote, vide its G.O. No R.D. 136, MET 76 dated 15-10-1976, under the chairmanship of late Sri T.S.Rajam, a leading business man & Philanthropist to implement this Project.

The said committee in deference to the wishes of the government converted the institute into a society under name academy of Sanskrit Research by registering act. 1960, vide Regn. No S.No. 2/77-78. Mandya datd. 23rd April 1977, However academy started functioning from 12th july 1978 as an autonomous body & has since crossed a mileage of over 30 years of its successful existence. It is an institution fully aided by the Government of Karnataka (both under plan & Non plan sector)